THE ALMODÍ MUSEUM

The ancient wheat market

The Museum

The Almodí Municipal Museum offers an unparalleled opportunity to journey back into Xàtiva’s past, from the first vestiges of the Palaeolithic to the times when the city formed part of the Al-Ándalus territories. It is housed in a historically important building of the same name. Constructed in the mid-16th century, it was once a wheat market, and still boasts the original Gothic façade as well as an outstanding Renaissance courtyard with Ionic columns. The museum also occupies the adjacent building, once the royal weights and measures office, but subsequently remodelled to accommodate the customs office and later the Bank of Spain. Today, the Almodí is a modern exhibition space focusing on archaeology and featuring reproductions of the first remains to be uncovered in the Cova Negra as well as Iberian, Roman, Visigothic and Islamic remains. The jewel in its crown though is undoubtedly an 11th century Islamic water trough.

THE PALAEOLITHIC IN THE COVA NEGRA

Reproduction of a Neanderthal parietal bone (part of the skull). The Neanderthals inhabited Europe during the Middle Palaeolithic Era and developed a rich material culture known as the Mousterian. The bone was unearthed during the first excavations to be carried out in the Cova Negra, in the first half of the 20th century.

IBERIAN HEAD

Legacy of the Iberian Saitabi, the sculpture dates back to the 4th century BC and was found in the course of works being carried out in city. With an aesthetic that denotes a Greek influence, it probably represents a man because despite wearing earrings there is no sign of traditionally feminine adornment.

ROMAN INSCRIPTIONS

The Roman town of Saetabis was an important staging post on the major Roman road known as the Via Augusta. A Roman colony mentioned in many texts, it had a mint and was famous for its fine linen fabrics. The Almodí houses an important collection of inscriptions from the period.

THE PALAEOLITHIC IN THE COVA NEGRA

Reproduction of a Neanderthal parietal bone (part of the skull). The Neanderthals inhabited Europe during the Middle Palaeolithic Era and developed a rich material culture known as the Mousterian. The bone was unearthed during the first excavations to be carried out in the Cova Negra, in the first half of the 20th century.

IBERIAN HEAD

Legacy of the Iberian Saitabi, the sculpture dates back to the 4th century BC and was found in the course of works being carried out in city. With an aesthetic that denotes a Greek influence, it probably represents a man because despite wearing earrings there is no sign of traditionally feminine adornment.

ROMAN INSCRIPTIONS

The Roman town of Saetabis was an important staging post on the major Roman road known as the Via Augusta. A Roman colony mentioned in many texts, it had a mint and was famous for its fine linen fabrics. The Almodí houses an important collection of inscriptions from the period.

AN 11TH CENTURY WATER TROUGH

Carved in the 11th century in rose marble quarried from the nearby sierra del Buixcarró hills, this Islamic water trough is undoubtedly the jewel in the museum’s crown and was the first piece it acquired for its archaeological collection. Right up until the end of the 18th century it was still used being used as a drinking trough for animals. It is decorated with exquisite reliefs executed by at least two sculptors, one more schematic and the other somewhat coarser and more robust. The reliefs portray ivories and textiles of the period, as well as traditional themes such as motherhood, the tree of life, and war, among others. An unparalleled work of Islamic art in the international arena, it has been loaned for display in the most important exhibitions to have been held in recent years.

Islamic splendour

The Islamic period is undoubtedly the best-represented stage in Xàtiva’s history in the museum. The city experienced a golden age under Muslim rule; the network of canals irrigating the city’s gardens and orchards was created at this time, Ibn Hazam wrote his renowned Andalusian treatise on love, The Ring of the Dove, and a paper industry considered to be the first in Europe was established. In addition to the 11th century drinking trough, the Almodí’s Islamic collection also includes arches from the public baths, a double arch from the Pinohermoso Palace and numerous representative pieces of pottery.

THE XÀTIVA ARAB BATHS

The arches are the sole preserved remains of the ancient public baths, located in the Muslim period within the city walls. The three horseshoe arches are supported by columns and pilasters of sandstone.

A WEALTH OF POTTERY

The museum holds pottery remains from practically all of the city’s historical periods, including Iberian, Roman, Muslim and regional rule and even industrial ceramic murals from the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

THE PALACE ROOM

The arches and coffered ceiling from what is known as the Pinohermoso Palace once adorned a sumptuous Islamic mansion. They date from the Almohad period and probably gave onto a private prayer room.

THE XÀTIVA ARAB BATHS

The arches are the sole preserved remains of the ancient public baths, located in the Muslim period within the city walls. The three horseshoe arches are supported by columns and pilasters of sandstone.

A WEALTH OF POTTERY

The museum holds pottery remains from practically all of the city’s historical periods, including Iberian, Roman, Muslim and regional rule and even industrial ceramic murals from the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

THE PALACE ROOM

The arches and coffered ceiling from what is known as the Pinohermoso Palace once adorned a sumptuous Islamic mansion. They date from the Almohad period and probably gave onto a private prayer room.

THE ALTAR OF THE VISIGOTHIC BISHOP

During the Visigothic period, the city was an episcopal see. It boasted several bishops between the 6th and 7th centuries, who signed the canons of the Councils of Toledo. Proof of this is the Roman altar, consecrated and put to new use by Bishop Athanasius, to whom the carved text refers. There are also architectural remains of the Visigoth cathedral, over which the present day church of Sant Feliu was built.

THE ALTAR OF THE VISIGOTHIC BISHOP

During the Visigothic period, the city was an episcopal see. It boasted several bishops between the 6th and 7th centuries, who signed the canons of the Councils of Toledo. Proof of this is the Roman altar, consecrated and put to new use by Bishop Athanasius, to whom the carved text refers. There are also architectural remains of the Visigoth cathedral, over which the present day church of Sant Feliu was built.

THE LAST MEDIAEVAL BUILDING

The museum occupies the old wheat market, the last mediaeval building to be erected in Xàtiva —it was completed in 1548— and the first in which the Renaissance language was employed.

FAÇADE OF THE ALMODÍ

The three royal shields of the Crown of Aragon denote the public nature of the Almodí, while the cartouche records the date of completion: 1548.

EL ÚLTIMO EDIFICIO MEDIEVAL

The museum occupies the old wheat market, the last mediaeval building to be erected in Xàtiva —it was completed in 1548— and the first in which the Renaissance language was employed.

FAÇADE OF THE ALMODÍ

The three royal shields of the Crown of Aragon denote the public nature of the Almodí, while the cartouche records the date of completion: 1548.

Information

THE ALMODÍ MUSEUM
No. 46, Carrer de la Corretgeria
Telephone: 962 27 65 97

Opening times
(September 16 to June 14)
Tuesdays to Fridays:
10:00 to 14:00 and 16:00 to 18:00
Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays:
10:00 to 14:00
Mondays closed (except on public holidays)

Summer opening times
(June 15 to September 15)
Tuesdays to Fridays:
9:30 to 14:30
Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays:
10:00 to 14:30
Mondays closed (except on public holidays)

Admission
Adults: €2.40.
Children under 10 years old:
admission free.
Pensioners: €1.20.
Groups of more than 10 people:
€1.20 per person.
Sundays: admission free.

Information

THE ALMODÍ MUSEUM
No. 46, Carrer de la Corretgeria
Telephone: 962 27 65 97

Opening times
(September 16 to June 14)
Tuesdays to Fridays:
10:00 to 14:00 and 16:00 to 18:00
Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays:
10:00 to 14:00
Mondays closed (except on public holidays)

Summer opening times
(June 15 to September 15)
Tuesdays to Fridays:
9:30 to 14:30
Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays:
10:00 to 14:30
Mondays closed (except on public holidays)

Admission
Adults: €2.40.
Children under 10 years old:
admission free.
Pensioners: €1.20.
Groups of more than 10 people:
€1.20 per person.
Sundays: admission free.

PHOTO GALLERY